Situated in the heart of South America, Bolivia is a culturally diverse country with 36 native cultures and more than 30 languages spoken, the main ones being Spanish, Quechua, and Aymara. There are numerous archaeological ruins from different pre-Columbian cultures, and many ancient traditions are still a part of the country’s cultural celebrations.
Bolivia is a landlocked country rich in natural resources and known for its diverse biological ecosystems. It is also home to the highest navigable lake in the world, Lake Titicaca, and boasts the largest deposit of salt on earth (Uyuni salt beds.)
Because of the nation’s great cultural diversity, there are many culinary styles in Bolivia. Some of the dishes that are typically prepared are salteñas and empanadas, a type of meat-filled pastry.
It is said that Bolivia has two capital cities: Sucre and La Paz; however, Sucre is considered the official capital of Bolivia, while La Paz is home to the country’s two branches of government.
Did you know…? Bolivia is named after a leader of the Spanish American Wars of Independence, Simón Bolívar. There are more than 64 million tons of salt at the Uyuni Salt Beds. The largest deposits of lithium and iron ore are located in Bolivia. Bolivia is also home to the world’s one and only known Bolivianita mine. Bolivianita (ametrine) is a variation of quartz, a precious stone that is partially yellow and partially purple.
This is the sixth in a series of articles spotlighting different countries in honor of Hispanic Heritage Month. To see a complete list of previous entries, click here.